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Be A Better Driver in 2012

Most New Years resolutions revolve around improving health by dieting or exercising. A very simple resolution to improve your overall well being is to practice driving safer. The results are immediate.  Not that you are a bad driver now, but one can always improve on the dangerous activity we engage in on a daily basis.  Each trip taken in an automobile puts you at the highest risk for immediate injury or fatality of any other activity in your life.

Car Crash Stats:

About 95 people die every day in vehicle related crashes in the United States -- one death every 15 minutes.

Fatal Automobile Crash Statistics By Year

Total Traffic Crashes In the United States

 2009

 2008

  2007

  2006

  2005

  2004

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Fatal Vehicle Crashes*

33,808

 37,423

  41,259

 42,708

43,510 

42,836

 Drivers

17,640

19,279

21,717

22,831

23,237 

 23,158

 Passengers

6,770 

 7,441

 8,716

 9,187

 9,750

 10,042

 Buses

26

67

36

27

58

42

*Total includes motorcycles, bicycles, pedestrians, and other highway related fatalities.
[Based on data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). FARS gathers data on accidents that result in loss of human life. FARS is operated and maintained by National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's (NHTSA) National Center for Statistics and Analysis (NCSA). FARS data are gathered on motor vehicle accidents that occurred on a roadway customarily open to the public, resulting in the death of a person within 30 days of the accident; collection of these data depend on the use of police, hospital, medical examiner/coroner, and Emergency Medical Services reports, state vehicle registration, driver licensing, and highway department files, and vital statistics documents and death certificates. See source for further detail]

Driving Defensively

According to the National Safety Council, an average of 42,000 people lose their lives in motor vehicle crashes each year and over two million more suffer disabling injuries, The triple threat of high speeds, impaired or careless driving and not using occupant restraints threatens every driver—regardless of how careful or how skilled.

Driving defensively means not only taking responsibility for yourself and your actions but also keeping an eye on "the other guy." The National Safety Council suggests the following guidelines to help reduce your risks on the road.

  • Don't start the engine without securing each passenger in the car. Safety belts save thousands of lives each year! Lock all doors.
  • Driving too fast or too slow can increase the likelihood of collisions. “Go with the flow” as long as it does not mean driving faster then posted speed limits.
  • If you plan to drink, designate a driver who won't drink. Alcohol is a factor in almost half of all fatal motor vehicle crashes.
  • Follow the rules of the road. Don't contest the "right of way" or try to race another car during a merge. When in doubt, let the other car go first.
  • Don't follow too closely. Always use a "three-second following distance"
  • While driving, be cautious, aware, and responsible.
  • Stay off of the cell phone until stopped at a safe location. DON’T TEXT while driving! Driver distraction is quickly becoming the major cause of traffic collisions.
  • If you encounter a road raging motorist, give them plenty of space. Don’t let their “bad” day affect your “good” day.
  • Intersections are where most collisions occur.  Look left and right before approaching EVERY intersection, even if your light is green.  The green light does not protect you, only your observation skills and reaction time will.
  • When driving, focus on the next 500 feet ahead of your vehicle instead of letting your mind wander to the daily tasks of a busy schedule.  It only takes a split second for everything to go wrong while driving. Pay attention to the task at hand. Do not EVER let your guard down!

(From the National Safety Council website)

"Whether driving TO work or AT work (in an LEA vehicle, service truck or school bus) paying attention is the key. All I have to do is think of how small is the margin for error when two vehicles pass each other on a 2-lane road to remember how important it is that we all pay attention to driving safely and defensively."    Derek Graham, Section Chief, NCDPI Transportation Services.

“People fear snakes, spiders, and sharks, but not driving. There is about a million times greater chance at being killed or injured by a car crash “


Randy Henson, NCDPI Field Consultant and former Driver Education teacher.

Driving at Night

Traffic death rates are three times greater at night than during the day, according to the National Safety Council. Yet many of us are unaware of night driving’s special hazards or don't know effective ways to deal with them.

Driving at night is more of a challenge than many people think. It's also more dangerous.
Why is night driving so dangerous? The obvious answer is darkness. Ninety percent of a driver's reaction depends on vision, and vision is severely limited at night. Depth perception, color recognition, and peripheral vision are compromised after sundown. Don’t overdrive your headlights. Keep stopping distance within seeing distance.

Older drivers have even greater difficulties seeing at night. A 50-year-old driver may need twice as much light to see as well as a 30-year old.

Another factor adding danger to night driving is fatigue. Drowsiness makes driving more difficult by dulling concentration and slowing reaction time.

Tips to avoid deer accidents: 

  • Expect to see a deer anytime you are driving.
  • Use high-beam headlights when driving in deer territory to increase your vision and will increase your time to react to a deer hiding on the roadside that decides to jump in front of your car.
  • If a collision with a deer is immediate and unavoidable, it is usually best not to swerve to avoid it, brake and hold the wheel straight. Turning the wheel to avoid the deer may result in a worse collision with another car, or cause your car to spin out of control resulting in a more serious crash.

(From the National Safety Council website)

Driving In the Rain

Losing control of your car on wet pavement is a frightening experience. Unfortunately, it can happen unless you take preventive measures.

You can prevent skids by driving slowly and carefully, especially on curves. Steer and brake with a light touch. When you need to stop or slow, do not brake hard or lock the wheels and risk a skid. Maintain mild pressure on the brake pedal.

If you do find yourself in a skid, remain calm, ease your foot off the gas, and carefully steer in the direction you want the front of the car to go. For cars without anti-lock brakes, avoid using your brakes. This procedure, known as "steering into the skid," will bring the back end of your car in line with the front. If your car has ABS, brake firmly as you "steer into the skid."

While skids on wet pavement may be frightening, hydroplaning is completely nerve-wracking. Hydroplaning happens when the water in front of your tires builds up faster than your car's weight can push it out of the way. The water pressure causes your car to rise up and slide on a thin layer of water between your tires and the road. At this point, your car can be completely out of contact with the road, and you are in danger of skidding or drifting out of your lane, or even off the road.

To avoid hydroplaning, keep your tires properly inflated, maintain good tread on your tires and replace them when necessary, slow down when roads are wet, and stay away from puddles. Try to drive in the tire tracks left by the cars in front of you.

If you find yourself hydroplaning, do not brake or turn suddenly. This could throw your car into a skid. Ease your foot off the gas until the car slows and you can feel the road again. If you need to brake, do it gently with light pumping actions. If your car has anti-lock brakes, then brake normally; the car's computer will mimic a pumping action, when necessary.

A defensive driver adjusts his or her speed to the wet road conditions in time to avoid having to use any of these measures!

(From the National Safety Council website)

School Bus Safety Rules

Overall a school bus is the safest form of over the road transportation. For some 22 million students nationwide, the school day begins and ends with a trip on a school bus. Every bus driver understands the responsibility that they have and try to always drive safely...Unfortunately, each year children are injured and several are killed in school bus incidents.

School bus related crashes killed 164 persons and injured an estimated 18,000 persons nationwide in 1999, according to data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and General Estimates System (GES).

Over the past six years, about 70% of the deaths in fatal school bus related crashes were occupants of vehicles other than the school bus and 20% were pedestrians. About 4% were school bus passengers and 2% were school bus drivers. Of the pedestrians killed in school bus related crashes over this period, approximately 77% were struck by the school bus. Of the people injured in school bus related crashes from 1994 through 1999, about 44% were school bus passengers, 9% were school bus drivers, and another 43% were occupants of other vehicles.

Although drivers of all vehicles are required to stop for a school bus when it is stopped to load or unload passengers, children should not rely on them to do so. The National Safety Council encourages parents to teach their children these rules for getting on and off the school bus.

(From the National Safety Council website)

North Carolina School Bus Stop Law

G.S. 20-217

passing stopped school bus

passing stopped school bus

passing stopped school bus

passing stopped school bus

passing stopped school bus

 

When considering automobile safety…It is the journey that is important, not the destination.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
     
 
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